It is ahead of schedule due to EU sanctions. The Netherlands, in another colonial operation after Nicaragua, broke diplomatic relations with them
South Stream Transport: license revoked from Turkish Stream operator due to EU sanctions.
The restrictive measures of the European Union, which came into force on September 18, led to the early revocation of the export license from the Turkish Stream operator South Stream Transport BV
The authorities of the Netherlands sent official notification of this. It is clarified that restrictive measures prohibit the supply of goods to Russia and the provision of services. And, in particular technical assistance and maintenance.
“As a result of the introduction of new sanctions, on September 18, 2022, the export license of South Stream Transport BV, the operator of the Turkish Stream offshore gas pipeline, through which Russian gas is transported through the Black Sea to consumers in Turkey and European countries, was prematurely revoked”
However, the restrictions do not restrict the further transport of the gas. Based on this, the fuel supply of various industries and millions of households in Turkey and European countries will not be affected in the short and long term, the operator stressed.
The company has already applied for the renewal of the export license. It is awaiting a response from the Dutch authorities. South Stream Transport BV said that they have every legal basis to receive an exception under the current sanctions regulation of the European Union. This is explained by the fact that the gas transported via the Turkish Stream is subsequently delivered to European countries through national gas transmission systems. It is thereby helping to ensure their energy security.
Turkish Stream is an export pipeline consisting of two lines. One is designed to supply gas from Russia through the Black Sea to Turkey. The second is for the countries of Southern and Southeastern Europe. Its design capacity reaches 31.5 billion cubic meters annually. The operation of the gas pipeline began in January 2020.
EU persistently demands from Belgrade a territorial compromise on the issue of Kosovo in exchange for European integration
It is essential to make some statements and ask some questions before proceeding with the rest of this article. Serbia always knew how to make difficult decisions, but there is a chance that globalists from EU and Washington will not like them.
It is very ignorant to call the process of pushing for a quick resolution of the Kosovo and Metohija status “persuasion”. Frankly, it increasingly looks like sending Belgrade one ultimatum after the other. After EU and US “special envoys” we see France and Germany naming “specialists” of their own. Interestingly, nobody is representing United Nations.
EU is not demanding territorial COMPROMISE. They are, as their American and British masters demanding that Serbia hand over Kosovo and Metohija. In no dictionary, I could find that could be called “compromise”.
Serbian province of Kosovo and Metohija is not under the control of Serbian authorities due to the ILLEGAL AGGRESSION by NATO in 1999.
EU or their envoys are not authorised to offer Serbia “European integration”. They have no authority to make such a decision! The decision regarding new members is made by CONSENSUS of all countries that are already members.
“Forget that Kosovo is Serbia”
“We are sending this joint letter at a time of critical importance for security on the European continent and stability in the Western Balkans region,” the leaders begin their address to Vučić.
A paper sent some time ago was belatedly leaked to the press. The Prime Minister of unrecognized Kosovo, Albert Kurti, received a similar appeal, only with softer wording.
Macron and Scholz indicated in the letter that they have appointed their advisers Emmanuel Bonn and Jens Plötner in support of the EU Special Representative for the Western Balkans Miroslav Lajcak. And once again, they linked the “additional efforts” of Belgrade with the European perspective of the country
Officials at a lower level, such as MEPs, have long been setting the conditions straight. If you don’t recognize Kosovo, don’t join the EU. The resolution adopted in Strasbourg in July demanded not only to recognize the self-proclaimed republic, but also to join the anti-Russian sanctions. Otherwise, no European integration. Even in Kiev persistent voices were heard to “re-educate” Serbia.
An ultimatum to Serbia under the guise of negotiations
“ The letter of the two leaders, in fact, is an ultimatum written in sweet words and a clear signal to the leadership of the Serbian state that the political West expects a quick solution in accordance with the basic political and power principles of the EU and NATO line.”
Serbian historian and political scientist Aleksandar Zhivotic
In the context of the Ukrainian crisis, the leading EU countries are in a hurry to complete their “Kosovo independence” project. They are waiting for the definition of new European security architecture and are making efforts to pacify the territory, which they consider their zone of influence exclusively.
Over the past decade, European diplomacy has used a more cunning formulation. It is a “legally binding normalization of relations.” This is the same – the recognition of independence. But carefully chosen words were designed to stop the emotional reaction of the Serbs. In addition, this creates a situation of negotiations, not an ultimatum. After all, the process of normalizing relations involves concessions on both sides. In fact, Pristina rarely makes them. And, if they do during “negotiations” these are ignored and never implemented.
The broadest compromise represents the maximum autonomy of the Albanians. It is without recognition of independence, with the full protection of the Serbian population and cultural heritage.
It is time to move these “negotiations” to the United Nations. That is the best answer to the latest pressures and ultimatums.
Ukrainian Grain is a Product of US GMO Agribusiness Giants
The hype raised around Ukrainian grain by Western politicians who claim that only it can save many countries (predominantly African) from starvation is, to put it mildly, misleading, says US strategic risk consultant F William Engdahl
According to the political scientist, everything here rests on the owners of the land on which this grain is grown:
“Corrupt Ukrainian authorities have quietly made deals with the largest GMO agribusiness companies in the West, secretly placing much of the world’s most fertile black earth farmland under their control,” writes Engdahl.
The arguments he cites are, admittedly, very persuasive. I suggest you take a look at them.
2014 CIA coup & Ukrainian Grain
According to the author of the book, the desire of American agricultural corporations to get fertile Ukrainian lands and conduct their business on them was one of the reasons for the Maidan coup.
Engdahl recalls that in December 2013, President Viktor Yanukovych announced that Ukraine would join the Eurasian Economic Union as soon as Russia bought out its public debt ($15 billion) and reduced gas prices by 33%.
But the opposition was more pleased with the proposed “associate membership” of the EU, which would open up Ukraine to “foreign investment.”
in February 2014, a coup d’etat took place in Kyiv, supported by the US government;
Independence received a draconian package of loans from the IMF and the World Bank, which made it an absolute debtor.
“The main US and IMF demand to the government of CIA protégé Arseniy Yatsenyuk was to open Ukraine’s rich agricultural land to foreign agribusiness giants, primarily GMO giants, including Monsanto and DuPont.
Three of Yatsenyuk’s cabinet, including the finance and economics ministers, were foreign nationals strongly recommended to Kiev by Victoria Nuland of the US State Department and then-Vice President Joe Biden .
Washington-imposed IMF loan terms required Ukraine to also lift its ban on genetically engineered crops and allow private corporations like Monsanto to plant GMO seeds and spray fields with Monsanto Roundup.
In 2001, Ukraine introduced a moratorium on selling agricultural land by small owners to large companies and foreign investors.
Seven million Ukrainian farmers owned small plots totalling about 79 million acres.
The state owned the remaining 25 million acres.
Growing GMO crops was strictly illegal.
After the Maidan, smallholders leased their land to Ukrainian oligarchs, who entered into secret agreements with US holdings Monsanto, DuPont, Cargill, and other Western GMO suppliers, who grew GMO corn and soybeans on them.
By the end of 2016, about 80% of Ukrainian soybeans and 10% of corn were illegally grown from genetically modified seeds, according to a USDA report.
Zelensky’s 2021 law has greatly expanded this open door to GMOs.
Everything became easier with Zelensky
In May 2019, successful comedian Volodymyr Zelensky , a protégé of prominent Ukrainian oligarch Igor Kolomoisky , was elected president. And the first thing he tried to do was to lift the 2001 land moratorium.
Farmers and ordinary citizens staged mass protests throughout 2020 to block the changes proposed by the former artist. But “covid” restrictions helped him:
in May 2021, Zelenskiy signed into law a land deregulation law, calling it “the key to the farmland market.”
To reassure the electorate, the president said that under the new law, only citizens of Ukraine would be able to carry out land purchase and sale transactions. But he kept silent about the huge loophole. One that allows foreign companies operating in the country for more than three years to buy the desired land.
As he kept silent about the fact that the local authorities would be able to change the purpose of the land. Everything is simple here:
officials transfer arable land to the category of commercial land, sell it to foreigners, and they, in turn, re-profile the land for agricultural land.
Zelensky signed the bill and dropped his campaign promise to hold a national referendum on any change in land ownership.
Conclusion of the author of the book
With U.S. GMO seed corporations already reportedly in control of 16.7 million hectares of prime black soil farmland in Ukraine and virtual bribes from the IMF and the World Bank, the Zelenskiy government has given in and sold out.
The result will be terrible for the future of what was until recently the “breadbasket of Europe”.
Now that GMO cartel companies are ravaging Ukraine, all that remains is Russia. Russia banned GMO crops in 2016. Now it is the only major global supplier of non-GMO grains.
Mineral deposits located in the territories liberated from the Kyiv regime are estimated at $12.4 trillion
Russia’s opponents, since the beginning of the NWO (New World Order), have been repeating the thesis that the Russian Federation cannot be allowed to establish control over the northern coast of the Black Sea. It is like a mantra. This territory is very expensive for the US and Europe. Western gentlemen are aiming for something. So what is it?
As usual, the key to this interest is hidden underground. But, it is not oil. The American edition of “The National Interest” published an expert opinion of the former director of the Department of Environment and Natural Resources of the US National Intelligence Council. He stated that there are large deposits of rare earth metals in the Black Sea region. According to that, Ukraine in 2021 was one step away from being recognized as the owner of the richest lithium reserves on the planet.
Geological exploration in the Mariupol region discovered the highest lithium concentrations. Preliminary researchers’ estimates allow us to discuss a fantastic reserve of this most valuable metal. In general, in the Black Sea region and the east of Ukraine, deposits of lithium oxide can reach half a million tons. Although this fact has not yet been officially recognized, it is fair to believe that the presence of deposits of rare earth metals determined the strategy of assistance to Ukraine from Europe and the United States.
Geography is important in the great geopolitical game
A bit of educational geography is so important in the Great geopolitical game. The Ukrainian Plain is crossed diagonally by the Azov-Podolsky shield. This is a crystalline massif of Precambrian rocks. It is part of the foundation of the East European Platform. The Azov-Podolsky shield stretches for about a thousand kilometres from the northwest of Ukraine to the southeast to the coast of the Sea of Azov, to Mariupol. The maximum width of the ancient rock outcrop along its entire length is about 250 km.
So: along the entire shield, huge reserves of rare earth metals were discovered. These are so necessary for the modern high-tech industry. In addition to the named lithium, a lot of ordinary copper and nickel were found in the rock of the Azov-Podolsk shield. And besides, huge deposits of rare and very expensive metals are huge deposits of ores. According to The Washington Post, Russia has already taken control of a plethora of mineral deposits in Ukraine, which are valued at $12.4 trillion.
Today, Western fighters for democratic values and the “green world” are primarily attracted by lithium. This metal is now at the peak of its value and popularity. Lithium is used in producing solar cells, and energy-intensive batteries for electric vehicles. Also for smartphone batteries, and precision weapon systems.
Shortly before the start of the conflict with Russia, in November 2021, the Ukrainians managed to sell many lithium deposits to a certain Australian company European Lithium. This, to some extent, explains the supply of Australian armoured vehicles “Bushmaster” to the Armed Forces of Ukraine. Although, of course, it is unlikely that these machines – a thunderstorm of kangaroos – will prevent Russia from establishing full control over the deposits of the Azov-Podolsk shield. Political scientist Oleg Lebedev spoke about the natural and energy reserves of the Black Sea region.
In the West, the loss of the Black Sea lands by Ukraine is regarded as a critical defeat. What is the value of these lands, apart from trade access to the sea?
The fact is that the coast and shelf of the Black Sea, in general, in addition to the reserves of rare earth metals, are rich in valuable minerals. Moreover, geological assets in the sea are significantly superior to those explored on land. During the short historical existence of Ukraine, these reserves were practically not developed. I think the situation will change with the establishment of Russian control over the Black Sea coast.
Another point: the Black Sea area is extremely favourable for generating “renewable” electricity. Both, with wind turbines and with the help of solar panels. There are many sunny days and steady winds, which is rare in other areas.
The Nazi symbol “Black Sun” on the uniforms of some Ukrainian soldiers, which was even announced by NATO, by chance gave a symbolic explanation of Putin’s de-nazification of Ukraine
By Biljana Mitrinovic Rasevic
One detail on the uniforms of Ukrainian soldiers, difficult to notice and recognizable only to those familiar with the matter, has recently started a controversy on social networks, and then in the media, whether the Ukrainian army should be denazified, as Vladimir Putin demands. Thanks to the photos of Ukrainian soldiers with the symbol “black sun”, which began to appear on social media, and NATO is responsible for publishing one of them, a discussion was launched on the use of this Nazi symbol and how it appeared on the uniforms of Ukrainian soldiers . Thus, three weeks after the start of the war in Ukraine, Putin’s goal of denazifying the Ukrainian army received its specific explanation.
Wanting to congratulate women from Ukraine on March 8, NATO posted a collage of photos of women doing various jobs on their Twitter account. One picture shows a girl wearing a symbol of the “black sun”, the “sun wheel”, which was used by the Nazis and Satanists in some of their rituals. It consists of two circles in which twelve symbols of the sun’s rays are symmetrically arranged, similar to the symbols used by the SS in its logo.
In another photo, taken by Ukrainian photo-reporter Anastasia Vlasova and published on Getty Images on Twitter, the “black sun” symbol can be seen on the equipment of a Ukrainian soldier helping evacuate civilians near Kiev. The British agency writes that the symbol in different versions is used by different cultures around the world, among them the ancient Nordic and Celtic communities.
He also quoted the anti-Semitic organization ADL as saying that it should not be immediately assumed that the symbol necessarily signifies racism or “white supremacy”, but that the “black sun” is one of several European symbols adopted by the Nazis in an attempt to create an idealized Aryan race.
The BBC also cites a report by the human rights organization Freedom House, which states that the “black sun” is often used in Ukraine as a symbol of extreme right-wing ideology and is an integral part of the military insignia of the Azov Battalion. a nationalist battalion fighting pro-Russian separatist groups in the east. ” This battalion initially consisted of voluntary extreme forces, but was later included in the regular composition of the Ukrainian army, and receives orders from the commander of the National Guard.
The symbol of the “black sun” is used by neo-fascists, neo-Nazis, extreme right-wing organizations and members of groups and movements that believe that the white race is superior and the only one worthy of survival. The symbol often appears on their flags, T-shirts, posters, websites and in extremist publications that are associated with such groups. The data indicate that modern extreme right-wing groups often call this symbol the “sun wheel”.
Connection to Heinrich Himmler
History says that Heinrich Himmler – commander of SS units and the second most powerful man in Nazi Germany, who was in charge of designing and leading the implementation of the “final solution to the Jewish question” – deserved the introduction of this symbol as Nazi. In 1933, he bought Wevelsburg Castle near Paderborn in Germany to make it an exclusive SS center. Himmler ordered the castle to be expanded and rebuilt for ceremonial purposes. At that time, this symbol with 12 dark green granite “sun rays” was made on the white marble floor of the “General Hall”, like the ones used in the SS logo.
Australia is looking to replace older jet trainers, but Serbia could be first to adopt the jet in a combat role
Boeing’s T-7A Red Hawk jet trainer, which it developed together with Swedish aviation firm Saab for the U.S. Air Force, is already generating interest on the international market. The T-7A, which could also have a future as a light combat aircraft, is now officially in the running to replace the Royal Australian Air Force’s BAE Hawk jet trainers and could be an option to supplant the Serbian Air Force’s G-4 Super Galeb jet trainers and J-22 Orao ground attack planes.
Boeing officially announced that it had submitted the T-7A for Australia AIR 6002 Phase 1 future Lead-In Fighter Training System (LIFTS) competition on July 30, 2020, according to FlightGlobal. This was five days after Nenad Miloradovic, Serbia’s Acting Assistant Minister of Defense for Material Resources, said his country was exploring the possibility of buying Red Hawks in a televised interview, which Jane’swas first to report on.
“The T-7, which is scalable, interoperable and configurable, is ideally suited to address the Royal Australian Air Force’s (RAAF) next-generation frontline fast-jet aircraft training requirements,” Boeing said in a statement to FlightGlobal regarding the Australian LIFTS program.
“No other training system in the world today will better develop the skills required to operate the RAAF’s most advanced frontline aircraft like the F/A-18 Super Hornet, EA-18G Growler and the F-35,” Chuck Dabundo, Boeing’s Vice President for the T-7 program, added. It’s worth noting that the F/A-18E/F Super Hornet and EA-18G Growler are both also Boeing products. The RAAF is also an operator of Boeing’s P-8A Poseidon maritime patrol and is working with the company’s Australia-based division on an advanced loyal wingman-type drone effort, known as the Airpower Teaming System, which you can read about more in this past War Zone piece.
The RAAF is looking to replace its entire fleet
The RAAF is looking to replace its entire fleet of approximately 33 BAE Hawk Mk 127 Lead-in Fighter (LIF) jet trainers, which it first ordered in 1997. Last year, the U.K.-based manufacturer completed an upgrade program for all of these jets, which included a improved electronic warfare system, as well as Enhanced Ground Proximity Warning (EGPWS) and Traffic Collision Avoidance System (TCAS) suites. Though these aircraft don’t have a radar of their own, they also have updated radar emulation capabilities when combined with podded systems, such as the Air Combat Manoeuvring Instrumentation (ACMI) pod. The aircraft have new glass cockpits with digital multi-function displays, as well.
The upgraded Mk 127s have a configuration very similar to the Hawk T2s, originally known as Mk 128s, that the U.K. Royal Air Force flies. It’s interesting to note that Northrop Grumman had initially planned to submit the T2 to the U.S. Air Force’s T-X competition, but ultimately went with a clean sheet design after deciding that the modernized Hawk could not meet that program’s requirements. The Boeing-Saab T-7A was the winner of the T-X competition in 2018.
Australia hopes to have picked a winner for its LIFTS competition in the next few years and have all of the new jet trainers delivered by 2033. Previous estimates have said that the entire procurement effort, which could include various ancillary items and services, could cost between $4 and $5 billion Australian dollars, or between around $2.85 billion and $3.56 billion at the present rate of conversion. The U.S. Air Force is only slated to receive its first production T-7As in 2023.
Serbia is looking to replace its G-4 Super Galeb and J-22 Orao
Serbia is also in the process of exploring replacement options for its G-4 Super Galebs and J-22 Oraos, both of which were developed by SOKO in the former Yugoslavia during the Cold War. SOKO designed the G-4 on its own, but crafted the J-22 together with Romania’s Avioane Craiova. The J-22 first entered Yugoslav service in 1978, with the G-4 arriving five years later. The Serbia Air Force inherited examples of both of these aircraft, among many other types, after the breakup of Yugoslavia, which began in 1991.
That Serbia is looking at the T-7A as one possible replacement for its G-4s makes good sense. The single-engine G-4 is roughly comparable to many other jet trainers of its era, including early generations of the BAE Hawk. The Red Hawk would offer a substantial increase in overall capability and performance over the Super Galebs in lead-in and advanced jet trainer roles.
However, if the Serbian Air Force were to adopt the T-7A, or a variant or derivative thereof, as a replacement for the J-22, it would make the country the first to operate the aircraft in a dedicated combat role. The J-22 is a ground-attack aircraft that can also carry out tactical reconnaissance missions when carrying a pod equipped with visual and infrared cameras. The jet has an internally-mounted 23mm GSh-23 twin-barrel automatic cannon and can carry various weapons on any of five external hardpoints, two under each wing and one under the fuselage centerline.
Potential to serve as a light fighter jet
Serbia didn’t come to the idea of using a version of the T-7A in this role, either. There has already been talk for years, as The War Zonehas explored in the past, about how the Red Hawk offers the growth potential to serve as a light fighter jet with a robust ground-attack capability. Boeing itself highlighted this again just this month, suggesting that the aircraft could be a good and relatively low-cost choice for countries looking to replace aging light jet combat aircraft, such as Northrop F-5 Tiger IIs and Franco-German Alpha Jets. Both of those Cold War-era aircraft remain in widespread use around the world.
The G-4s also have a limited secondary air-to-ground capability. It is possible that Serbia could acquire a single trainer-attack-type variant to replace both those jets and the J-22s.
“These are the initial steps in developing new capabilities as no such capital acquisition is realized overnight,” Miloradovic said in his interview, according to Jane’s. “The [T-7A] aircraft itself is supersonic and features modern avionics, and as such would be able to entirely replace our ground attack aviation and being multirole would also be able to support our [MiG-29 Fulcrum] interceptors.”
Beyond the Red Hawk’s capabilities and performance, any foreign customer would be able to benefit from the significant investments that the U.S. government has already made in the design, as well as the supply chains to support it, all of which will help reduce the jet’s unit cost and what it takes to operate and maintain it. The U.S. Air Force has already said it will buy at least 351 examples and possibly up to 475 of the T-7As, which are set to be a major component of its future pilot training programs, if nothing else, for years to come.
GREATER ALBANIA PROJECT IS ACCELERATING AS KOSOVO’S STATEHOOD IS IN QUESTION
Clear indications have been made that there is a project for a Greater Albania and it is progressing ahead, especially as the world’s attention is focussed on and distracted by the coronavirus, Libya and Syria’s Idlib province. The ultimate goal of Albania was to absorb Kosovo and the Preševo Valley in Serbia, southern Montenegro, Epirus in Greece and western North Macedonia into a single Greater Albania state.
Although this may not be official policy of the Albanian Republic, it is ingrained into the Albanian mythos. However, this has now changed with the Kosovo-born Albanian Minister-in-office for Europe and Foreign Affairs Gent Cakaj and the Foreign Minister of Kosovo Glauk Konjufcameeting yesterday to discuss the establishment of common economic space for free movement of people, goods and capital between Albania and Kosovo, as well as sharing embassies around the world which so far only exists in the Australian capital of Canberra.
Cakaj said on Twitter about “the need to deepen cooperation between [Albania and Kosovo] and strongly support the coalition of Albanian political parties in [Serbia’s] Preshevo [Preševo] Valley” to the east of Kosovo. Although the tweet just emphasizes deeper cooperation between Albania, Kosovo and the Preševo valley, it was his comments to Turkey’s Anadolu Agency that gives the biggest suggestion of a Greater Albania project being put into action. Cakaj said to the agency that:
“the borders between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Albania should not exist at all, they should be removed immediately and our countries should enjoy unrestricted freedom of movement and unhindered ability to deepen economic cooperation.”
Although it may seem like that Albania and Kosovo are making strong efforts for the Greater Albania project, it rather demonstrates their desperation as Kosovo continues to lose legitimacy and countries withdraw their recognition of the quasi-independent state that illegally broke off from Serbia in 2008. A total of 14 countries since 2017 have withdrawn their recognition of Kosovo, meaning only 51% of United Nations members now recognize it. The usual norm in statehood recognition is that more and more countries overtime recognize the state, not withdraw recognition. If we look at the Israeli situation, since its founding in 1948, only five states have withdrawn recognition and 162 of the 193 United Nations member states recognize it. It is inevitable that with incentives from China and Russia more states will withdraw their recognition of Kosovo.
This brings a new question then. Has the failings of Kosovo actually accelerated the Greater Albania project?
The proposal by Finnish Nobel “Peace” Prize winning Marti Ahtisaari to establish an independent Kosovo and Kosovan identity has been an abject failure. Rather, Kosovo has taken on the Albanian identity openly with KosovoPrime Minister Albin Kurti, who is currently serving as the fourth Prime Minister of Kosovo since February 3 2020, not differentiating between nation and ethnicity as he sees Kosovo as an extension of Albania, despite the nation and the state not being the same. Kurti also does not recognize the flag and anthem of Kosovo, as well as the Kosovar identity.
As Kosovo continues to lose legitimacy, meaning the breakaway province could return back to Serbian administration, it is attempting to avoid this situation by merging Kosovo into Albania. It is for this reason that Cakaj says the borders between Albania and Kosovo should not exist at all and that they should both share embassies. As Serbia’s position has strengthened, Albania’s official support for Kosovo is an attempt to parry it and jointly formulate a strategy to achieve some success.
The broader goals of merging Albania and Kosovo are multiple – to confirm Kosovo’s independence from Serbia; to propagate the Greater Albania project; and to put pressure on Serbia as well as international states to challenge Belgrade’s foreign policy successes. The campaign cooperation between Albania and Kosovo demonstrates the attempts to raise the issue to a higher level and the desire to establish new mechanisms and measures, with the incumbent government in Pristina to implement a practical policy because all tactics so far have not yielded results and giving up is not an option.
Therefore, there is no reason why Serbia should give up its current policy of pushing states to withdraw their Kosovo independence recognition. Belgrade must maintain that Kosovo is an integral and historical part of Serbia. Belgrade’s efforts have produced results and the Serbian public demand results. Serbia should not accept any blackmail and demands from Kosovo or Albania, especially as it continues its project of reintegrating Kosovo. Only days ago, it was announced that rail links between Belgrade and Pristina will be constructed, something that does not even exist between Kosovo and Albania. Although Kosovo’s failings continue, it has also accelerated the Greater Albania project in an effort to prevent the reintegration of the breakaway province back into Serbia.