India will help Russia turn Arctic into global trade route

New Delhi is planning to assist in developing Russia’s Northern Sea Route (NSR). And turning it into an international trade artery, according to Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi.

“India will help Russia in the development of the Northern Sea Route and opening this route for international trade the same way as Russia helps India to develop with the aim of space exploration and the preparation of the national manned Gaganyaan program,” Modi said, speaking via video link at a plenary session of the Eastern Economic Forum.

The Indian prime minister also said Moscow and New Delhi had managed to make significant progress in developing commercial ties despite massive disruptions caused by the Covid-19 pandemic.

The friendship between India and Russia has stood up against the test of time,” he said.

“Most recently, it was seen in our robust cooperation during the Covid-19 pandemic, including in the area of vaccines. The pandemic has highlighted the importance of the health and pharma sectors in our bilateral cooperation.”

According to the Indian head of state, an energy partnership between the two nations would bring greater stability to the global energy market.

Modi also said that such joint projects as the Chennai-Vladivostok sea corridor, which is currently under development, provide greater connectivity along with the North-South transport corridor.


Major deal on developing Russia’s Big Northern Sea Route sealed at Eastern Economic Forum

A broad agreement aimed at providing stable growth of exports, cabotage and transit traffic along Russia’s Arctic sea route has been signed at the Eastern Economic Forum (EEF) in Vladivostok on Friday.

Russian state nuclear corporation Rosatom and the Ministry for Development of the Far East and the Arctic agreed to closely cooperate on projects aimed at developing the transport artery stretching along Russia’s Arctic coast.

“The Big Northern Sea Route from Murmansk to Vladivostok plays an important role in transport security, and connects by sea the European part of Russia with the Far East,” Rosatom’s director general, Aleksey Likhachev, told the media on the sidelines of the EEF.

“We are interested in promoting cooperation under this project with both Russian and foreign counterparts,” he added.

The Northern Sea Route lies from the Kara Gate Strait in the west to Cape Dezhnev in Chukotka in the east. The Big Northern Sea Route includes the Arkhangelsk, Murmansk regions and St. Petersburg and the Far East from the Northern Sea Route’s border in Chukotka to Vladivostok. The 5,500-kilometer (3,417-mile) lane is the shortest sea passage between Europe and Asia.

Yak-40LL flies with a superconducting electric motor

It became a world premiere: the first Russian “electric aircraft” – the Yak-40LL flying laboratory with a demonstrator of hybrid power plant (GSU) technologies flew to MAKS-2021. The flying laboratory flew off perfectly

TEXT: Natalia Yachmennikova

Experts note the clear coherence of the joint work of the aircraft systems and the GSU, which includes the world’s first superconducting electric aircraft engine. It complements the aircraft’s two turbojet engines. The use of high-temperature superconductivity technologies in the future will significantly reduce the weight and dimensions of electrical machines and increase the efficiency. This is critically important for aviation: flying is always a struggle with weight. And here we are ahead of the world by 2-3 years, because no one has yet demonstrated such an approach and such technologies have not been shown.

A 500 kW superconducting electric motor rotating the propeller is located in the bow of the Yak-40LL. There is also a liquid nitrogen cryogenic cooling system. The electric motor is powered by an electric generator rotated by a turboshaft gas turbine engine, it is installed in the tail section, and a battery pack. You take off on an electric motor, wherever possible, you start the gas turbine engine, recharge the battery at the permitted altitude, continue the flight again on electricity and sit down on the propellers.

Prior to the start of flight tests, the unique motor and its components were bench tested at CIAM. Then the GSU was installed on the Yak-40 aircraft, on the basis of which a flying laboratory was created at SibNIA. After confirming the stable joint operation of the electric motor and all aircraft systems during the ground test complex, the Yak-40LL moved to the flight test stage.

According to scientists, they hope to receive the entire set of technologies by 2026-2027, which will make it possible to create a regional aircraft on such a hybrid scheme by 2030. But we intend to go even further, namely, to use not nitrogen as a coolant in the engine, but liquefied hydrogen, which will also be fuel. It actually gives no emissions at all. This will be an even more complex scheme – for large aircraft, for long-range aviation. However, this is already the prospect of 2035 and beyond.

GSU “electrolyte” was developed by the Central Institute of Aviation Motors named after P.I. Baranova (CIAM, part of the Research Center “Institute named after NE Zhukovsky”) in broad cooperation of domestic enterprises. Thus, an innovative electric motor was created by the SuperOx company by order of the Advanced Research Fund. Among the participants in the work – FSUE “SibNIA named after S.A. Chaplygin” (SibNIA, also part of the Research Center “Institute named after N.E. Zhukovsky”), Ufa State Aviation Technical University, Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, Moscow Aviation Institute ( National Research University). The customer of the research work “Electrolet SU-2020” is the Ministry of Industry and Trade of the Russian Federation.

– At MAKS-2019, we presented a model of this flying laboratory and individual elements of the power plant. And at MAKS-2021, it has already taken off into the sky. During these two years, CIAM and our project partners have gained valuable practical experience in the development of hybrid power plants and the use of superconductivity in electric motors. We are already using the gained experience in other projects, including the use of hydrogen as a fuel, – said Mikhail Gordin, General Director of CIAM.

“We create superconducting materials and technologies that are needed to create efficient electric aircraft. During MAKS, we, together with our colleagues, clearly demonstrated a very important step on this path – a flying laboratory with a superconducting electric motor made its first demonstration flight. In the future, superconductors in combination with hydrogen fuel will open up a real way to create efficient and environmentally friendly aviation, ”says Andrey Vavilov, Chairman of the SuperOx Board of Directors.

– In flight tests, the most difficult task was to determine the effect of blowing the propeller of an electric motor on the operation of the propulsion engines in flight and the features in case of its failure, which was verified during flights, as well as to determine the features of the longitudinal stability of the aircraft during rebalancing arising. Everything turned out to be within acceptable limits, – says the general director of SibNIA, honored test pilot of the Russian Federation Vladimir Barsuk.

All developers of aviation technology in the world are engaged in the study of low-noise and environmentally friendly GSUs, primarily for promising production aircraft of small and regional aviation. Their advantage lies in the ability, on the one hand, to benefit from energy efficient, environmentally friendly electrical technologies, and on the other hand, to maintain an acceptable weight efficiency by optimizing the design and operating modes of gas turbine or piston aircraft engines.

– The technologies that we use in our “electric plane” are a breakthrough for the global aircraft industry. So far, we are testing innovative electric motors at the flying laboratory, but by about 2030, the Zhukovsky Institute expects to present a number of aircraft with fundamentally different economic and environmental indicators, including noise and emissions. This technological breakthrough could not have been made without the active interest and funding of the Ministry of Industry and Trade of Russia and the Foundation for Advanced Research, ”sums up Andrei Dutov, Director General of the N.Ye. Zhukovsky Institute.

Bosch has created a CVT that extends the range of EVs

Bosch has announced the development of a special transmission option specifically for electric vehicles, on which multistage gearboxes are practically not used. The company assures that their modernized CVT will increase the range of battery vehicles by reducing energy consumption

  • The main advantage of the variator at Bosch is the ability to smoothly adjust the gear ratio due to the design features. At low speeds, such a box improves traction performance, which optimizes acceleration dynamics or helps with towing and off-road driving, and at high speeds, it improves energy efficiency and increases top speed. In addition, the variator reduces power consumption when driving at a constant speed.
  • The CVT thus eases the performance requirements of the powertrain, which means that electric vehicles can be supplied with less powerful and cheaper motors. In addition, the use of a continuously variable transmission will allow the use of more compact batteries.
  • A component developed by the company called CVT4E, according to the calculations of engineers, increases the efficiency of the electric vehicle’s power plant by 4%. Now the variator is being tested on test Volkswagen e-Golf at the facilities of the Dutch division of the concern, but the prospects for its commercial application have not yet been reported.

In modern electric cars, in the overwhelming majority of cases, single-stage gearboxes are used. Only the Porsche Taycan and Audi e-tron GT platforms have a two-stage solution.

“KamAZ of Doomsday, the conqueror of the poles…

You all know such tractors and trucks as KamAZ. They can be found on the streets of absolutely any city, on the highway, or even in villages. But what do we usually see? These are trucks, well, dump trucks. But what if I tell you that KamAZ has an incredible truck capable of driving anywhere in general, of unrealistic dimensions and many functions, as well as with incredible design solutions? Today I will tell you about the coolest, largest and most expensive KamAZ – KamAZ-e “Arctic”!

In fact, no matter what work of art “Arctic” may seem. During the premiere, it did not make a splash. “How so ?!” – you ask. The answer is further in the article!


Creature

For the first time, the idea to make such a “miracle” came from a designer from Naberezhnye Chelny in 2017 and they embodied it in the form of KamAZ 6345 (in the photo on the left). However, it had to be improved and almost completely changed, and in the course of this, “Arctic” appeared. And when it was presented at the “COMTRANS19” exhibition, everyone thought it was just an improved 6345! However, if the old “Arctic” had a 6×6 base, the old cockpit. Then when everyone realized what KamAZ had done, then all the youth clambered over this car and just the same a sensation took place!

KamAZ 6345 (Left) and KamAZ 6455 (right, the same new Arctic) Photo taken from the site gruzovikpress.ru

Appearance

Agree that the appearance of this truck is something absolutely unusual and indescribable. This is a real doomsday machine. High ground clearance, unusual design, a bunch of ladders and equipment and the most unusual thing – wheels! It is also very unusual to watch him turn, but more on that later.

At the driver

This is how the workplace of the driver of this “miracle” looks like. But in order to drive such a truck, you need to be a real extreme, or a complete professional in your field.

Despite the abundance of functions and the unusualness of this truck, the driver will not be confused in the cab: everything is intuitive and simple, especially for those who have already driven KamAZ-ah. As you may have noticed, there is an automatic transmission here, because poking around with a “handle” on such a car would not be the best thing to do. Naturally, even a sleeping bag is provided here!

For what

I think that by the very name of this tractor, you have already understood what it was created for. The word “arctic” speaks for itself! But it was made not only for the conquest of the poles. It is provided for and created for hard-to-reach terrain, where there is no road from the word “at all”;
for wetlands where conventional trucks cannot pass; and the list of what it was prepared for includes tundra, taiga, permafrost.

Photo taken from the site gruzovikpress.ru

Constructive decisions

Naturally, the most important and unusual solution, one might even say a design temptation, is the articulated frame, which is movable in the horizontal plane and provides a minimum turning radius. The maximum folding angle, by the way, is 45 degrees!

Photo taken from the site gruzovikpress.ru

Technical specifications

Below, instead of a ton of text, I will give photographs of the size of the “Arctic” 8×8 and a small list of its technical characteristics:

Photo taken from the site gruzovikpress.ru

Photo taken from the site gruzovikpress.ru

Here is such an article! By the way, the price of this miracle starts at 15 million rubles! What do you think about this truck? Personally, I don’t even know how to summarize